Metrics details. The WHO reports that anxiety disorders are the most common mental disorders worldwide. Most people who experience such events recover from it; however, people with post-traumatic stress disorder PTSD continue to be severely depressed and anxious for several months or even years following the event. Palestinians are particularly at a higher risk for developing anxiety disorders and PTSD due to the continuous exposure to political violence, prolonged displacement, and other limitation on professional, educational, financial opportunities, and mental health services. This paper aims to provide a systematic review of the literature and established studies concerning Anxiety disorders besides PTSD in Palestine.
Group treatment for survivors of torture and severe violence: A literature review
20 Of The Slowest Historical Torture Methods We Can't Believe Living Souls Had to Endure
Suddenly, the architecture of American torture was visible to an extent that it had never been before. At the time, I was working as a speechwriter in Canada for Jack Layton, who was then the leader of the New Democratic Party, and watching very closely what was happening across the border. I became obsessed with how torture was articulated and authorised, and even more so with the effect it had on both survivors and perpetrators. That led me to a PhD on torture, literature and politics, and from there to writing Gestures of Testimony. Within the humanities, the study of trauma is closely associated with the Holocaust and the scholarship that sought to understand what that catastrophe did to those who experienced it, and how they sought to account for it afterwards in literature, film, memoir, and philosophy. As a result, the key question for trauma studies has been about representation: how can the unrepresentable be represented? Scholars such as Cathy Caruth and Shoshana Felman answered by fusing psychoanalysis and post-structural deconstruction to argue that representations of trauma depend on the paradox of speaking what cannot be spoken.
Taking a History of Torture
Wikimedia Commons. In the year 64 of the Common Era, the Great Fire of Rome devastated large parts of the imperial city. Using humans are the base substance akin to the wax foundations of a candle, these victims were tied to stakes in the imperial garden for the amusement of the deranged Emperor. There, the prisoners suffered being coated in pitch, oil and other flammable substances, before being set alight.
Torture is unpleasant, as indeed is the intended purpose of the practice. The act of inflicting physical or psychological pain upon an individual, torture has served both a human as well as a judicial function since our earliest emergence into recorded history. Although today generally outlawed at least in the Western world; regarded as a barbaric deed torture was once regarded as a righteous and just treatment in response to a criminal outrage. Whilst some intended to kill, albeit resulting in slow, torturous deaths, others were intended to merely maim and hurt without fatal outcomes. As with all human endeavors, we gradually perfected the art of torture over the centuries, refining the necessary tools to inflict the greatest possible pain upon our unfortunate victims.