More specifically, I will argue for two particular interpretations of the spatial expression of patriarchy, one structural and one relational. It follows from my view that solutions to overcoming and ending sexual violence against women on public transportation hinge on both a structural and a relational understanding of the spatial expression of patriarchy. Freedman , Redefining Rape , My roadmap looks as follows: first, I contextualize the problem of sexual violence on public transportation by surveying the literature on gender, space, and public transportation. I also situate sexual violence on public transportation within the scope of spatial injustice Section 2.
Definition of Systemic Racism in Sociology
Theories of Race and Ethnicity | Introduction to Sociology
Environmental justice emerged as a concept in the United States in the early s. The term has two distinct uses with the more common usage describing a social movement that focuses on the "fair" distribution of environmental benefits and burdens. The other use is an interdisciplinary body of social science literature that includes theories of the environment and justice, environmental laws and their implementations, environmental policy and planning and governance for development and sustainability , and political ecology. Environmental justice is the fair treatment and meaningful involvement of all people regardless of race, color, national origin, or income, with respect to the development, implementation, and enforcement of environmental laws, regulations, and policies. This goal will be achieved when everyone enjoys the same degree of protection from environmental and health hazards, and equal access to the decision-making process to have a healthy environment in which to live, learn, and work.
Essay on Environmental Racism
How difficult is it to jettison the idea of race as biology? To understand why the idea of race is a biological myth requires a major paradigm shift - an absolutely paradigm shift, a shift in perspective. And for me, it's like seeing what it must have been like to understand that the world isn't flat.
The environmental racism thesis falls within the structural-functional theoretical theory, as it is an approach that sees society as a complex system, like organisms. This approach has a broad scope on the social structures and social functions of elements of society, like institutions, traditions, norms and customs. Since racism is a complex phenomenon, its in the scope of the structural-functional theory. The symbolic-interaction approach is is one of the type of theoretical approach that majorly focuses on the relationship between the society and the human. The basic objective of this type of approach is understand by the human interaction through communicating by exchanging the information or symbols.