A literature review is a "comprehensive study and interpretation of literature that addresses a specific topic" Aveyard, The current status of the knowledge or research about a topic, question or experienceA literature review is an opportunity to tell your story by carving a space for your topic and research question in relation to previous studies. In reporting your critical perspective on the relevant literature and identifying a gap that your research will attempt to address, it situates and establishes the importance of your topic or question within the broader academic community in your discipline or field of study:. According to Walsh and Downe , the systematic review "is a robust way of comparing quantitative research and proceeds according to well-determined steps, which include statistical analysis of the pooled results of studies. This statistical analysis is more accurately called meta-analysis, although this phrase has become interchangeable with systematic review" pp. Whereas a meta-analysis is a way of testing a hypothesis, a meta-synthesis attempts to integrate results from a number of different but inter-related qualitative studies.
Literature Review: Conducting & Writing
What Is a Literature Review?
There are same basic criteria that one must judge a work of literature on, irrespective of genre. Typing them out over and over again for each different work can be a waste of time and a redundant exercise. Your time can be better utilized by using these well constructed literature review outline template. These excellent free samples are easy to download and print.
9+ Literature Review Outline Templates – PDF, DOC
Background information identifies and describes the history and nature of a well-defined research problem with reference to the existing literature. Background information does not replace the literature review section of a research paper; it is intended to place the research problem in a proper context. Background information expands upon the key points stated in the beginning of your introduction but is not intended to be the main focus of the paper. It generally supports the question, what did we know about this topic before I did this study?
Image adapted from original by Flickr user soundfromwayout. Learn how to conduct a literature review. This course guide is designed to help faculty, graduate and undergraduate students in the process of conducting and writing a literature review for any discipline. It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge.