Patient information : See related handout on autism spectrum disorder , written by the authors of this article. Autism spectrum disorder is characterized by difficulty with social communication and restricted, repetitive patterns of behavior, interest, or activities. There is insufficient evidence to recommend screening for autism spectrum disorder in children 18 to 30 months of age in whom the disorder is not suspected; however, there is a growing body of evidence that early intensive behavioral intervention based on applied behavior analysis improves cognitive ability, language, and adaptive skills. Therefore, early identification of autism spectrum disorder is important, and experts recommend the use of a validated screening tool at and month well-child visits. Medications can be used as adjunctive treatment for maladaptive behaviors and comorbid psychiatric conditions, but there is no single medical therapy that is effective for all symptoms of autism spectrum disorder.
Literature Review of Social Anxiety Disorder and Treatment Options
Social anxiety disorder (social phobia) - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
Schizophrenia is a psychiatric diagnosis characterized by continuous or relapsing episodes of psychosis. Besides observed behavior, doctors will also take a history that includes the person's reported experiences, and reports of others familiar with the person, when making a diagnosis. About 0. About half of those diagnosed with schizophrenia will have a significant improvement over the long term with no further relapses, and a small proportion of these will recover completely. The mainstay of treatment is antipsychotic medication, along with counseling , job training, and social rehabilitation. Schizophrenia is a mental disorder characterized by significant alterations in perception , thoughts, mood, and behavior. These may be present in any of the different psychoses, and are often transient making early diagnosis of schizophrenia problematic.
Anxiety disorders: a review of current literature
Complementary and alternative medicine CAM is a term used to describe a wide variety of practices that are not yet part of standard medical care. These techniques have expanded and are now being used to treat a variety of both medical and mental health conditions. There are several types of CAM, such as aromatherapy and acupuncture. Some CAM practices involve the area of mind and body medicine, including progressive muscle relaxation , guided imagery, yoga, and mindfulness meditation.
Anxiety disorders are a cluster of mental disorders characterized by significant and uncontrollable feelings of anxiety and fear  such that a person's social, occupational, and personal function are significantly impaired. Anxiety is a worry about future events, while fear is a reaction to current events. There are several types of anxiety disorders, including generalized anxiety disorder , specific phobia , social anxiety disorder , separation anxiety disorder , agoraphobia , panic disorder , and selective mutism. Generalized anxiety disorder GAD is a common disorder, characterized by long-lasting anxiety which is not focused on any one object or situation.