The Reader View of Wikipedia. It was a writing system used by Germanic peoples for Northwest Germanic dialects in the Migration Period. Inscriptions are found on artifacts including jewelry, amulets, plateware, tools, and weapons, as well as runestones , from the 2nd to the 8th centuries. In Scandinavia , beginning in the late 8th century, the script was simplified to the Younger Futhark , while the Anglo-Saxons and Frisians instead extended it, giving rise to the Anglo-Saxon futhorc. Both the Anglo-Saxon futhorc and the Younger Futhark remained in use during the Early and the High Middle Ages respectively, but knowledge of how to read the Elder Futhark was forgotten until , when it was deciphered by Norwegian scholar Sophus Bugge. In the following table, each rune is given with its common transliteration :.
How to Write an Authentic Runic Inscription
Elder Futhark runes to english letter translator. Write your name in runes.
In my previous post on How to Translate Into Runes Correctly I wrote that no such thing as a correct representation of an English or Old Norse text in Norse runes can be achieved in practice. I know it sounds quite disappointing. The practical advice I gave at the end of my text was to find a fragment of an existing Viking Age Younger Futhark inscription and use it for your tattoo, carving or engraving. I also promised to find interesting fragments of the Viking Age inscriptions for you. My guess is you are not. The algo that stands behind the converter is my attempt to achieve transliteration rules between modern English and five runic alphabets: Elder Futhark, Anglo-Saxon Futhorc, long branch and short twig Younger Futhark and staveless runes.
The Elder Futhark Runes
Our translation tool allows you to make rune symbol combinations which would sound similar to standard English language letters. This is called a phonetic translation. Although there are some differences between the sounds made by the letters and the way they are combined in each language, hopefully our tool is a good approximation of the sounds usings the original runic letters. We use the original Elder Futhark alphabet, also known as Older Futhark or Germanic Futhark which is the oldest form of written runes.
In Norse lore, the god, Odin, impaled his heart with his own spear and hung on the world tree, Yggdrasil, for nine days and nights all to perceive the meaning of the runes. The runes were symbols that sprang from the Well of Urd — the source of fate — and the Norns used these runes to carry that fate up the trunk and branches of Yggdrasil to the nine worlds amidst its boughs. Odin made his sacrifice at great anguish and risk to himself because he knew that the runes conveyed deep meaning, and if he could understand their meaning he would gain profound wisdom and power. So we see from this story how the Vikings thought of runes not merely as letters but as having potent virtues within themselves of a metaphysical or even magical nature.