Faced with the loss of Shamsur Rahman Faruqi, however, and tasked with remembering his work, I am forced to throw all caution to the wind and look up in awe to this single individual. The amount, range and depth of all his work is hard to describe in a few lines. Perhaps his single most important achievement was saving the classical Urdu ghazal, and embracing and elaborating its native poetics once and for all. Although Faruqi worked towards this across multiple works, the single most forceful and consolidated expression of this is his magnum opus, Sher-i-Shor Angez [The Tumult-Raising Verse], a four-volume work on the classical Urdu poet Mir Taqi Mir In the prefaces that he wrote to these volumes, Faruqi carried out an effective recovery of the fast-dwindling meaning of the classical Urdu ghazal in particular, and of all of our pre-modern verse in general.
Contributions of Ancient Civilizations Essay
Indian Contributions - Words | Help Me
In his doctrine of transcendental idealism , Kant argued that space and time are mere "forms of intuition" which structure all experience , and therefore that while " things-in-themselves " exist and contribute to experience, they are nonetheless distinct from the objects of experience. From this it follows that the objects of experience are mere "appearances", and that the nature of things as they are in themselves is consequently unknowable to us. In it, he developed his theory of experience to answer the question of whether synthetic a priori knowledge is possible, which would in turn make it possible to determine the limits of metaphysical inquiry. Kant drew a parallel to the Copernican revolution in his proposal that the objects of the senses must conform to our spatial and temporal forms of intuition , and that we can consequently have a priori cognition of the objects of the senses. Kant believed that reason is also the source of morality , and that aesthetics arise from a faculty of disinterested judgment. Kant's views continue to have a major influence on contemporary philosophy, especially the fields of epistemology , ethics , political theory , and post-modern aesthetics.
Essay on Indian Society
Meanwhile, Modi and his allies are telling us not to complain. From a public podium, he accused the state government — which was led by an opposition party — of pandering to the Muslim community by spending more on Muslim graveyards kabristans than on Hindu cremation grounds shamshans. With his customary braying sneer, in which every taunt and barb rises to a high note mid-sentence before it falls away in a menacing echo, he stirred up the crowd. And that all the kabristans and shamshans in his country are working properly, in direct proportion to the populations they cater for, and far beyond their capacities.
Approximately 1. But history has mostly forgotten these sacrifices, which were rewarded with broken promises of Indian independence from the British government, writes Shashi Tharoor. Exactly years after the "guns of August" boomed across the European continent, the world has been extensively commemorating that seminal event. The Great War, as it was called then, was described at the time as "the war to end all wars". Ironically, the eruption of an even more destructive conflict 20 years after the end of this one meant that it is now known as the First World War.